Radon is a naturally occurring and highly radioactive element that exists as a gas or chemically belongs to the class of noble gases. It is naturally found in the atmosphere as well in the water reservoirs and soils naturally. Since it is naturally occurring, therefore, it cannot be produced commercially, however, the radon produced due to the mishandling of radioactive waste can be considered another source of radon.
The naturally existing fixation of radon is pretty harmless due to its small concentration. However, due to the carelessness of people responsible for the proper disposal of radioactive matter and waste or any natural change at times this concentration of radon is disturbed. As a result of which it poses a serious health threat. Radon is termed as one of the most dangerous carcinogens due to its discrete characteristics that make it close to possible to detect it without performing proper detection tests. Therefore special testing procedures are designed and conducted to confirm the presence of radon and its exact concentration. An important factor in this regard is that despite thorough research no level of radon has been pronounced safe or acceptable by the health authorities. There is, however, a convention according to which one must be concerned if the radon fixation in his surrounding, which exceeds the level of 4 picocuries per liter.
If the test results come back positive and confirm an alarming concentration of radon a system called radon mitigation system is installed. The radon system installation is not a highly expensive investment.
Experts suggest that Radon system installation should be considered while the construction of homes so that the hassle one faces afterward can be avoided. Some common methods and techniques used for radon mitigation in the air are discussed below:
No radon system installation is required to adopt this method of radon mitigation. This simply works by opening the doors and windows of the affected area that helps the radon poisoned trapped air escape the property and allows fresh air to replace the contaminated air. This is the cheapest radon mitigation method.
This method used for radon mitigation is the forced ventilation. This is preferred for the areas which do not have adequate airflow or the buildings that have an architecture that does not support ventilation at all. In this method, huge fans have installed that push the contaminated air out of the house and allow fresh clean air to replace it.
Sealing Cracks and Openings:
Since one of the most common causes of radon entry in homes is through the gaps and small openings in the ground and the gaps in the plumbing systems of homes. Sealing these gaps and openings is one way that radon poisoning can be prevented. However, this method is not very effective as after a while the radon even makes its way through the material used to fill the gaps and cracks.
Heat Recovery Ventilation
In this technique, a heat recovery device is installed that suctions the radon particles and filters them from the air by heating the air and then cooling it spontaneously.